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Environmental impact
of the offshore oil and gas industry

Author: Stanislav Patin, Ph.D. * Translator: Elena Cascio, Ph.D.
ISBN 0-9671836-0-X * Hardcover * 425+xi pages * 6x9
Publication Date: December 1999 * LCCN 99-73791
List price: $199.00 (US funds)
Description * Synopsis * Contents * Author * Ways to Order

BOOK INDEX (continued): PAGE 2 (C-D)

 

Caspian Sea, 3, 4, 21

fisheries affected, 342
gas hydrate accumulations in, 12
gas levels in water of, 227
gas seepage in, 245
early developments in, 13-14
oil and gas in, 4, 17, 21, 128
oil levels in

organisms, 160
sediments, 156
surface waters, 149, 151

oil pollution of, 14
oil spills in, 87
platforms as artificial reefs, 100
pollution effects in, 119
produced waters from, 81, 282

Chlorinated hydrocarbons, 35, 40-41

water levels of, 43-44

Chronic contamination and long-term environmental effects, 103-104, 335-343, 345-346

Chukchi Sea, oil and gas, 17, 18

Coastal zone, 2, 139, 331, 332 see also Shelf and coastal zone

Commercial resources, industry effects on, 343-351

Condensate see Gas condensate

Contamination, background, see Background contamination

Continental shelf, 1, 8-9, 17, 22

ecofisheries mapping of, 378
see also Shelf and coastal zone

Crude oil see Oil and oil hydrocarbons

Cuttings, 65, 71, 276

Cuttings discharges,

amount of, 68-69, 72
areas affected, 277
biocides in, 77
chemical composition of, 71, 73-77, 276
cleaning and disposal of, 71-72
environmental impact of, 77
heavy metals in, 77-78
oil in, 71, 73, 276-277
requirements to, 369
toxicity of, 276-279

 

Debris

fisheries affected by, 95-96, 99

Decommissioning of offshore installations, 53, 55, 92, 97-103

legal requirements to, 98-99
options available, 92, 98-103
subsea pipelines, 99
see also Abandonment of offshore installations

Demersal fish, 345

oil taint in, 347

Developments, offshore, 7-23

characteristics and trends of, 7-13
ecological implications of, 303-348
fisheries implications of, 303-348
history of, 7, 13-14
main stages of, 53-60
regional aspects of, 13-21
worldwide, 7, 14

Deviational drilling, 66-67, 75

Diesel-based drilling muds, 74, 256, 260

see also Oil-based drilling fluids/muds

Discharges,

composition of, 68-82
one-time discharges, 82
on Russian shelves, 68
regular, 68-81, 103, 334-335
requirements to, 368-371
sources of, 68-73
volumes of, 68-73
see also Cuttings discharges; Drilling discharges; Drilling muds discharges; Pipeline discharges; Produced waters discharges

Discharges-based requirements, 368-371

Dispersants, 286-289

limitation of, 288-289
requirements to, ecofisheries, 377
toxicity of, 289, 291-293
see also Spill-control agents

Dispersion of oil, 287-288

Dissolution of oil, 138

Diversity of bottom fauna, 319

effects of oil on, 320-321, 323

Drilling accidents see Accidents

Drilling cuttings see Cuttings discharges

Drilling discharges

composition of, 73-77
drilling cuttings, 276-279
drilling fluids components, 263-276
drilling muds, 256-276
monitoring of, 385-386
requirements to, 368-371
sources and volumes of, 68-81
toxicity of, 255-279
see also
Cuttings discharges; Drilling muds discharges

Drilling fluids/muds,

biocides in, 76-77
composition of, 72, 73-78
corrosion inhibitors in, 76-77
ecotoxicology of, 256-276
emulsifiers in, 76-77
environmental hazard of, 72, 77, 314
function of, 65-66, 75-77
heavy metals in, 77-78
lubricants in, 72-73, 76
pH-control additives in, 76-77
toxicity of, 256-276
see also
Diesel-based drilling muds; Oil-based drilling fluids/muds; Synthetic-based drilling fluids; Water-based drilling fluids/muds

Drilling fluids components, 72, 73-78

MPC of, 264-275

Drilling muds discharges

amount of, 68-69, 73, 256-276
requirements to, 369

Drilling cuttings discharges see Cuttings discharges

Drilling and production activities

accidents during, 85-87
deviational drilling, 66-67
discharges during, 68-82
impact of, 55, 94-97, 306
requirements to, 375
steps and operations during, 65-68

Drilling units, 65

Drilling waste disposal, 72


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