Chapter 4. Biogeochemical and ecotoxicological characteristics of crude oil and oil hydrocarbons in the marine environment

NOTE: When you buy the chapter download and then decide to purchase a hard copy of the book, you don’t have to pay the full purchase amount for the book. Please contact us and we will deduct the amount you paid for the chapter from the total book price.

The text analyzes the fate, behavior and toxicity of crude oil and oil hydrocarbons in the marine environment. Composition, sources and input volumes of oil hydrocarbons in the sea are discussed. In-depth description of chemical and physical changes of oil during an oil spill in the sea is provided. Factors affecting the slick behavior and distribution are examined. Detailed worldwide data on content and distribution of oil hydrocarbons in seawater, bottom sediments and marine organisms are summarized in comprehensive tables. Environmentally safe, threshold and toxic levels of oil hydrocarbons in seawater and sediments are defined. Effects of oil on marine organisms, populations, and ecosystems are discussed. Includes all original charts, tables, graphics and diagrams from the book, as well as conclusions and list of references. 91 pages. PDF file. $37.00

Chapter 4. Biogeochemical and ecotoxicological characteristics of crude oil and oil hydrocarbons in the marine environment (US$37).

4.1. Composition and main properties of crude oil and its fractions
4.2. Sources and volumes of input into the World Ocean
4.3. Fate and behavior in the marine environment
Physical transport
Dissolution
Emulsification
Oxidation and destruction
Sedimentation
Microbial degradation
Aggregation
Self-purification
4.4. Environmental levels and distribution in the marine ecosystems:
4.4.1. Background characteristics
4.4.2. Content and distribution in seawater
4.4.3. Content and distribution in bottom sediments
4.4.4. Accumulation in marine organisms
4.5. Effects of oil on marine organisms, populations, and ecosystems:
4.5.1. General characteristics and mechanisms of biological effects
4.5.2. Toxic and threshold concentrations in seawater
4.5.3. Toxic and threshold concentrations in bottom sediments
4.5.4. Oil as a multicomponent toxicant
4.5.5. Methodological aspects of marine ecotoxicology of the oil
4.6. Levels, thresholds, and zones of manifestation of biological effects
Conclusions
References

Internet-based access to the chapter delivers the information to you within seconds, wherever you are, around the world. You can download the file and print the chapter in its entirety, including all of the graphical material. *

*To read and print PDF format files you need to have Adobe Acrobat Reader. If you don't have this software, you can download it for free at http://www.adobe.com. Your browser will open a new window so you can download Adobe Acrobat Reader and come back to this page to download Chapter 4.

We accept VISA, MasterCard, American Express and Discover credit card payments. You can also pay by check online if you have a US bank account.

2Checkout.com Inc. (Ohio, USA) is a payment facilitator for goods and services provided by EcoMonitor Publishing .



If you want to order a hard copy of the book, click here http://www.offshore-environment.com/howtoorder.html

For more information about the book, including book description, synopsis, about the author, contents, index and reviews click here:
http://www.offshore-environment.com/synopsis.html






Contact us at sales@offshore-environment.com
if you have any questions


Back to home page

If you have questions or need more information about the book, send us a note:
webmaster@offshore-environment